Agricultural production for the purpose of this report is defined as the processes to produce materials from plant cultivation and raising domesticated animals. This material includes foodstuffs, fuel, and raw materials for other industries including the pharmaceutical, textile, and construction industries. ...
Global agriculture today faces several issues:
maximising land-use in different environments, sustainable use of resources (in particular
fresh water) and ensuring that practices do not have an adverse impact on the environment
(e.g. accumulation of pesticides and fertilisers). At the same time there are
opportunities for agriculture to expand in new areas, e.g. the use of what...
|State of R&D|
In agricultural production, sensors and diagnostic
devices allow farmers to closely monitor environmental conditions, plant and animal health
|Sensors and Diagnostic Devices|
In agricultural production, sensors
and diagnostic devices allow farmers to closely monitor environmental conditions, plant and
animal health and...
Bio-sensors utilise biomolecules to detect
targets. However, the format of bio-sensors varies, from free molecules (molecular
sensors) to those conjugated to a substrate such as nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes,
Bio-arrays link several different biomolecules to a
substrate in such a way that each is individually...
Solid state sensors have at their core a
conducting or semiconducting material, which can bind target molecules and record this as a
change in electronic property (conductance, capacitance,...
|Optical and spectrographic sensors|
Microsystems already exist which
can monitor and analyse plant growth using cameras and sophisticated software, however
these are expensive and can only provide trend analysis, with little real-time...
Sensor networks for crops and Monitoring...
|Disease and Pest Control in Crop Plants|
Pesticides are used to kill
organisms that are detrimental to agricultural production, including viruses, bacteria,
fungi, parasites, weeds, and...