8.7.3 Short description
This report will focus mainly on the implications of nanophotonics for electronic applications. This encompasses the creation of optical components which either exist in sub 100nm length scales, or which have other key measurements (such a surface smoothness) that are in the nanometre range. Nanoscale structures, such as photonic crystals, will also be considered in view of their relevance to optical networks.
The burgeoning research area of metamaterials is also within the domain of nanophotonics. This is a field which has generated a great deal of public interest, largely because of their implications for the construction of ‘cloaking devices’.
New tools which are enabled by nanophotonics, such as near-field optics, will also be considered in this report, not least because of their applicability to lithography.
Finally, plasmonics, a field which is dependent on the ability to purposefully engineer specific nanoscale surfaces.
Please note that quantum dots themselves are covered in the relevant section of the ObservatoryNano report on Materials.
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