This sub-sector describes the methods and nanotechniques investigated and applied for the remediation and decontamination of the groundwater compartment. The treatment of groundwater destined for immediate use as drinking water is discussed in the sub-sector “drinking water treatment”. Groundwater is subsurface water located in soil pores, spaces in the soil/rock formation and aquifers. The treatment of groundwater with immobile materials takes place in aquifers where a larger amount of water is located. Mobile particles can also target pore water.
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